The Historical Trauma Response Among Natives and Its Relationship with Substance Abuse: A Lakota Illustration

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This article will explain Historical Trauma (HT) theory and the Historical Trauma Response (HTR), delineate the features of the HTR and its grounding in the literature, offer specific Native examples of HT and HTR, and will suggest ways to incorporate HT theory in treatment, research and evaluation. The article will conclude with implications for all massively traumatized populations.