Forced Coexistence and Economic Development: Evidence from Native American Reservations

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Studying Native American reservations, and their historical formation, I find that their forced integration of autonomous polities into a system of shared governance had large negative long‚Äêrun consequences, even though the affected people were ethnically and linguistically homogenous. I also provide estimates from an instrumental variable strategy based on historical mining rushes that led to exogenously more centralized reservations.